One of the most important cities of ancient Assyria and Mesopotamia, situated on the left bank of the Tigris River in the outskirts of the modern city of Mosul, Iraq. Most of ancient Nineveh (or Ninua) lies beneath two sprawling debris mounds - Tell Kuyunjik and Tell Nebi-Yunus. The site of Nineveh was first inhabited as early as the seventh millennium b.c. Sometime later in prehistoric times, a temple of the goddess Ishtar (later associated with Inanna) was erected there, a building that was subsequently rebuilt several times.
   Nineveh's short but glorious heyday began when the Sargonid king Sennacherib (reigned ca. 704-681 b.c.) abandoned the capital of Dur-Sharukkin and made Nineveh his capital. Around Nineveh he erected a mighty double wall some 7.4 miles (12 km) long and nearly 50 feet (15m) high, with fifteen large gates. Sennacherib also installed a series of canals and aqueducts to supply the city with water and built a magnificent royal residence, the so-called Palace Without Rival. His successors, Esarhaddon and Ashurban-ipal, also built palaces there, and Ashurba-nipal created his famous library/archive of some twenty-four thousand clay tablets. The city also contained botanical gardens and a zoo. Nineveh was destroyed in 612 B.C. after a three-month-long siege conducted by the Medes and the Babylonians. A vivid account of the city's fall was penned by the Hebrew prophet Nahum in his narrative in the old Testament.
   Numerous archaeologists and other modern scholars have excavated at Nineveh. The first to explore its vast ruins were the noted early Assyriologists Paul Emile Botta; Austen Henry Layard, who found sennacherib's palace and Ashurbanipal's library; William K. Loftus; and Hormuzd Rassam. Later a French team worked at the site, and then came an expedition in the early 1900s sponsored by the British Museum, a dig directed by L.W. King. Since World War II, various Iraqi teams have also excavated at Nineveh. For Nahum's account of Nineveh's destruction, see Bible.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • NINEVEH — (Heb. נִינְוֶה; Akk. Ninua, Ninâ; in Mari Ninuwa; Ar. Ninawa), the capital of the Assyrian empire from Sennacherib s time on, situated about 1 mi. (about 1½ km.) E. of the Tigris, opposite modern Mosul. Since the cuneiform for Nineveh (Ninâ) is a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nineveh — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Nineveh (Indiana) Nineveh (New York) Nineveh (Ohio) Nineveh (Pennsylvania) Nineveh (Texas) Nineveh (Virginia) Nineveh Junction (New York) in England: Nineveh (Worcestershire) siehe auch:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nineveh — prop. n. An ancient Assyrian city. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nineveh — [nin′ə və] capital of ancient Assyria, on the Tigris: ruins opposite modern Mosul in N Iraq …   English World dictionary

  • Nineveh — Coordinates: 36°21′34″N 43°09′10″E / 36.35944°N 43.15278°E / 36.35944; 43.15278 For other uses, see Nine …   Wikipedia

  • Nineveh — Ninevite /nin euh vuyt /, n. Ninevitical /nin euh vit i keuhl/, adj. Ninevitish /nin euh vuy tish/, adj. /nin euh veuh/, n. the ancient capital of Assyria: its ruins are opposite Mosul, on the Tigris River, in N Iraq. * * * Oldest and most… …   Universalium

  • Nineveh —    First mentioned in Gen. 10:11, which is rendered in the Revised Version, He [i.e., Nimrod] went forth into Assyria and builded Nineveh. It is not again noticed till the days of Jonah, when it is described (Jonah 3:3; 4:11) as a great and… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • NINEVEH — (ancient NINUA)    City in Assyria, on the left bank of the river Tigris, now situated on the outskirts of the modern city of Mosul. The ancient site comprises the ruin fields of Kuyunjik and Nebi Yunus. It was first discovered in the mid 19th… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Nineveh — The capital of Assyria, on the eastern bank of the River Tigris, and once the most powerful city in the world; but it was captured by the Babylonians and Medes in 612 BCE. The city s end was expected by Zephaniah [[➝ Zephaniah, book of]]… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Nineveh, New York — Location of Nineveh, New York Nineveh is …   Wikipedia

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